The Zika virus is believed to have originated from Africa. It was initially discovered in Uganda and Tanzania in East Africa more in the 1940’s. With time, the virus has spread all over the world. It was detected in India and Thailand and finally early last year the virus was discovered in Latin America. According to the information published in NPR.com, the virus is estimated to have affected more than 3500 babies in Brazil.
Doctors and medical experts now believe that the virus is responsible for microcephaly. Microcephaly is a medical defect where babies are born with a small head and a severe brain damage. Doctors are associating the defects to be more in areas where the virus is high. The virus was identified in Brazil in May. The relationship between microcephaly and the Zika virus is not entirely scientifically proven.
One of the affected people is Marilia Lima. She gave birth to a child with the microcephaly defect. In an exclusive interview with the National Public Radio, Lima describes that the government effort as little to help fight the virus. Despite being from a middle income social class in Natal, the little information about the illness means she has only received little help.
Lima is worried that time is running out for the little babies. She describes the greatest source of support as his family and friends. Lima says that she has searched for doctor’s help to treat her child everywhere but in vain. She is also worried that her child may not even be able to talk. The condition has already caused eyes, legs and arms defects to her child.
Lima notes that the mosquito bit her during her pregnancy. The effects began showing off during her prenatal clinics when she realized her child was developing problems. When the child was born, the effects of the virus were visible. Lima describes the situation as disheartening for a little new born. Besides, she feels the government isn’t doing enough to help eradicate the virus.
According to Doctor Sergio Cortes, the virus is transmitted through a mosquito. The virus was first discovered in Brazil in May, and the number of affected is rising steadily. Cortes argues with the mode of transmission being mosquitoes. Pregnant women are at a higher risk. To counter the risk, they will take extra precautions especially using treated mosquito nets.
Cortes also adds that the disease is not contagious. The virus cannot be transmitted from one person to the other. The mosquito is also responsible for transmitting dengue fever and Chikungunya. The risk increases in that the mosquito that bites an infected person starts an infection chain that’s hard to control. The other disadvantage of fighting the spread is the virus is the mosquitoes prefer lying eggs on clean water. The situation makes every source of water a breeding ground. From information published on his website, the mosquitoes are also known to adapt very fast to every environment. They can lay eggs also in waters containing organic materials.